The BMW 501 was a luxury car manufactured by BMW from 1952 to 1958. Introduced at the first Frankfurt Motor Show in 1951, the 501 was the first BMW model to be manufactured and sold after the Second World War, and as the first BMW car built in Bavaria. The 501 and its derivatives, including the V8 powered BMW 502, were nicknamed" Baroque Angels” by the German public. The BMW 502 was the first postwar German car to be manufactured with a V8 engine. While the 501 and 502 model numbers were discontinued in 1958, variations of the model, with the same platform and body, were continued until 1963.
The sixth generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW F10, BMW F11 and BMW F07 executive cars. The F10/F11/F07 was produced from 2010 to 2017 and is often collectively referred to as the F10. The F07 version is the first and only 5 Series to be produced in a fastback body style. The F10 generation is also the first 5 Series to offer a hybrid drivetrain, a forced induction V8 engine, an 8-speed automatic transmission, a dual-clutch transmission in the M5, active rear-wheel steering called "Integral Active Steering", electric power steering, double-wishbone front suspension, an LCD instrument cluster called "Black Panel Display" and automatic parking called "Parking Assistant". A long-wheelbase sedan version model code F18 was sold in China, Mexico and the Middle East. The F10 M5, introduced in 2011, is powered by the S63 twin-turbocharged V8 engine coupled to a 7-speed dual clutch transmission. It is the first M5 to use a forced induction engine. In February 2017, the BMW 5 Series G30 began production as the successor to the F10.
The BMW 503 is a two-door 2+2 gran turismo manufactured by German automaker BMW from 1956 to 1959. The company developed the 503 alongside the 507 roadster in an attempt to sell a significant number of luxury cars in the United States. The 503 and 507 cost about twice their projected price and did not recover their costs. During production from May 1956 to March 1959, 413 units of the 503 were built. Even though it was a prestige model it resulted in heavy losses for BMW.
The BMW 507 is a roadster that was produced by BMW from 1956 to 1959. Initially intended to be exported to the United States at a rate of thousands per year, it ended up being too expensive, resulting in a total production figure of 252 cars and heavy losses for BMW.
BMW 5 Series
The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972. It is the successor to the New Class Sedans and is currently in its seventh generation.
Initially, the 5 Series was only available in a sedan body style. The wagon/estate body style called "Touring" was added in 1991 and the 5-door fastback called "Gran Turismo" was produced from 2009 to 2017.
The first generation of 5 Series was powered by naturally aspirated four-cylinder and six-cylinder petrol engines. Following generations have been powered by four-cylinder, six-cylinder, V8 and V10 engines that are either naturally aspirated or turbocharged. Since 1982, diesel engines have been included in the 5 Series range.
The 5 Series is BMWs second best-selling model after the 3 Series. On January 29, 2008, the 5 millionth 5 Series was manufactured, a 530d sedan in Carbon Black Metallic.
BMWs three-digit model naming convention began with the first 5 Series, thus the 5 Series was BMWs first model line to use "Series" in the name.
Since the E28, all generations of 5 Series have included an "M" model, called the BMW M5.
1. First generation E12; 1972–1981
The E12 is the first generation of 5 Series, which was produced from 1972 to 1981. It replaced the New Class sedans and was produced in the sedan body style. The initial models were powered by four-cylinder engines, with a six-cylinder engine being introduced a year later.
There was no M5 model for the E12, however the E12 M535i is considered to be the predecessor to the M5.
The E12 was replaced by the E28 in 1981, although E12 production continued until 1984 in South Africa.
2. Second generation E28; 1981–1988
The E28 is the second generation of 5 Series, which was produced from 1981 to 1988 in the sedan body style. It was initially produced with petrol four-cylinder and six-cylinder engines.
In 1983, a diesel engine was available for the first time in a 5 Series. The E28 was the first 5 Series with the centre console angled towards the driver and the option of anti-lock brakes ABS.
The E28 M5 began the line of M5 high performance models that has continued through every generation since. It was powered by the S38B35 and the M88/3 six-cylinder engines.
3. Third generation E34; 1988–1996
The E34 is the third generation of the 5 Series, which was produced from 1988 to 1996. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the range expanded in 1990 to include the "Touring" wagon/estate body style.
The E34 was the first 5 Series to be available with the wagon body style, all-wheel drive and V8 engines. It also saw the introduction of stability control ASC, traction control ASC+T a 6-speed manual transmission and adjustable damping EDC to the 5 Series range.
There was an unusually large range of engines fitted over its lifetime, as nine different engine families were used. These consisted of four-cylinder, six-cylinder and V8 petrol engines, and six-cylinder diesel engines.
The E34 M5 is powered by the S38 six-cylinder engine and was produced in sedan and wagon body styles.
4. Fourth generation E39; 1995–2003
The E39 is the fourth generation of 5 Series, which was sold from 1995 to 2004. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the wagon/estate body style marketed as "Touring" introduced in 1996.
The E39 was the first 5 Series to use aluminium components in the front suspension. The proportion of chassis components using aluminium significantly increased for the E39, in order to reduce weight. It was also the first 5 Series where a four-cylinder diesel engine was available.
V8 models use recirculating ball steering as per previous 5 Series generations, however rack and pinion steering was used for the first time, in the four-cylinder and six-cylinder models. Unlike its E34 predecessor and E60 successor, the E39 was not available with all-wheel drive.
The E39 M5 sedan was introduced in 1998, powered by the 4.9-litre S62 V8 engine.
5. Fifth generation E60/E61; 2003–2010
The E60/E61 is the fifth generation of the 5 Series, which was sold from 2003 to 2010. The body styles of the range are:
- 5-door estate/wagon E61 model code, marketed as "Touring"
- 4-door sedan/saloon E60 model code
The E60 generation introduced various new electronic features to the 5 Series, including iDrive, head-up display, active cruise control, active steering and voice control. The E60 also was the first 5 Series to be available with a turbocharged petrol engine, a 6-speed automatic transmission and regenerative braking. New safety features for the E60 included adaptive headlights, night vision, active headrests, Lane Departure Warning and high intensity emergency brake lights.
The E60/E61 M5 was released in 2005 and is powered by the S85 V10 engine. It was sold in the sedan and wagon body styles, with most cars using a 7-speed automated manual transmission "SMG III".
6. Sixth generation F10/F11/F07/F18; 2010–2016
The BMW F10/F11/F07/F18 is the sixth generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was produced from 2010 to 2017. The body styles of the range are:
- 4-door sedan/saloon F10
- 5-door estate/wagon F11, branded as "Touring"
- 4-door long wheelbase sedan F18, sold only in China and the Middle East
- 5-door fastback F07, branded as "Gran Turismo"
The F07 Gran Turismo is the only 5 Series to date that has been produced in a fastback body style. The F10 is also the first 5 Series to offer a hybrid drivetrain, a turbocharged V8 engine, an 8-speed automatic transmission, a dual-clutch transmission in the M5, active rear-wheel steering called "Integral Active Steering", electric power steering, double-wishbone front suspension, an LCD instrument cluster called "Black Panel Display" and automatic parking called "Parking Assistant".
The F10 M5 is powered by the S63 twin-turbo V8 engine with a 7-speed dual clutch transmission. It is the first M5 to use a turbocharged engine.
7. Seventh generation G30/G31/G38; 2016–present
The BMW G30/G31/G38 is the seventh generation of the 5 Series. It was officially announced in October 2016, and sales began in February 2017.
The body styles of the range are:
- 5-door wagon/estate G31
- 4-door long-wheelbase saloon G38
- 4-door sedan/saloon G30
The fastback 5 Series GT model from the previous generation is no longer part of the model range, because it has been moved to the 6 Series model range.
The G30 is based on the same modular platform as the 7 Series G11. BMW plans to release a saloon- and estate-style plug-in hybrid, the 530e iPerformance, which would have the advanced driver-assistance systems found in the 7 Series.
The F90 M5 is the M5 model for the G30 generation, and is the first M5 to use all-wheel drive. It is powered by an upgraded version of the S63 twin-turbo V8 engine used in the previous generation M5.